Sports injuries are mainly associated with injuries to tendons, ligaments and bones due to sudden and abrupt changing of position. Some of the often occurring injuries to sports persons are :-
1. Concussion in Brain
When a sportsman suddenly moves or change his direction, he goes against the force of inertia in which his body tends to be in the same direction. This force applied by him to move against the body, sometimes imbalance the static equilibrium of the body and may result in damaging the muscles. The symptoms could be seen in the form of unusual behaviours of the person towards things and unexpected confused response on basic questions.
2. Achilles tendinitis
As the name indicates, it got to do something with the muscles of Achilles heel. When an athlete run to a great extent, his tendon muscles present in the Achilles heel, acquire swelling. This swelling in the area is due to strained developed in that area by running continuously for a long time.
3. Fracture of Knee Bone
The knee bone is also known as patella is served for the purpose of connecting two bones of thigh and leg called femur and other is Tibia. When due to rigorous sports activity, this bone gets fractured and consequently fails to hold femur and tibia together. A fracture in the knee bone can limit the movements as both thigh and leg bone depends upon it for their position.
4. Runner’s Knee
This injury is associated to those who are actively involved in games like football or athletics. Where the person is supposed to run for a long time and that is why called as runners knee. You will find torn ligaments and destroyed meniscus which is a cushion pad of muscles, supporting the knee joint.
5. Broken Tendon Muscles of Elbow
Those who are involved in playing tennis or golf, get a strain sometimes in their elbows due to continuous strokes and that’s why also known as tennis elbow or golf elbow. This strain is very painful and sometimes do not allow a player to continue the game for several days.
6. Strain in Flexor Muscles
Muscles on the upper side of the thigh bones are known as flexor muscles because they provide flexibility to the legs. An abrupt haphazard movement may result in developing a strain in these muscles. A sportsman cannot continue his daily routine in case he discovers a strain in the flexor muscles.
7. Shin Splints in Leg Bones
An injury to the muscles and bones of your lower leg called tibia is known as shin splints, mainly occurs due to excessive running. It is not only limited to tibia only, the femur is also fractured sometimes in this case.
8. Sciatica or Numbness
It is a kind of back pain, that occurs mainly to those who get involved in different types of body postures. For example, people which are active in gymnastics are more prone towards it.
9. Injury to Pectoral Girdle
the pectoral girdle is also known as shoulder girdle, which many times acquire an injury. A hard pain is experienced by the sportsman in case of an injury to his pectoral girdle.
10. Dislocation of Bones due to Fractures
Apart from the above popular injuries to sportspersons, they have a number of bone fractures, sometimes these fractured bone comes out by rupturing the muscles which surround them or in other cases they remain broken inside the muscular cushions. Both the conditions are very painful and require the help of a physician, person can visit urgent care Lyons for getting the help of a doctor
Rub Ice on The Injury
Ice cubes work like a magic on the injury by preventing excessive flow of blood towards the injury. A high blood flow towards the injured place maximizes the pain and vice -versa. So ice acts as a painkiller in such situation.
Give Thermal Treatment
You can also treat the patient with heat or steam, which provides comfort to the patient at the same time inhibit the area from inflammation.
Prevent Excessive Blood Flow to the Injured Area
High blood flow should be checked to the area of injury in order to minimize the pain, it could be done by elevating the affected area to a high level or tie a crepe bandage, but not too hard that flow of blood stop at all.
See a Doctor for Medical Assistance and X-Ray
Taking x-ray and medical checkup is very important in such type of injuries, visit HOBOKEN emergency room hospital for a medical assistance.